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2019年12月24日
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2019年12月24日

摘要:目的了解和比较短睡眠者和长睡眠者的睡眠结构和心理特征。方法在600名大学生申,选择睡眠最短和最长的各30名学生将作为短睡眠者、长睡眠者参加睡眠和心理测评。睡眠检查包括夜晚多导睡眠检查和次日多次睡眠潜伏期测验,心理测评包括艾森克人格量表、状态/特质焦虑量表、贝克抑郁量表和Epworth困倦量表。结果短睡眠者、长睡眠者的慢波睡眠绝对长度相似[(79.1±17.7)min,(82.2±15.9)min,t=0.277,P=0.191];长睡眠者的Ⅱ期睡眠[(191.6±43.0)min,(240.6±74.9)min,t=23.587,P=0.000)和快动眼睡眠[(90.8±27.5)min,(129.8±47.0)min,t=9.540,P=0.000]的绝对长度、以及快动眼密度都高于短睡眠者;长睡眠者的神经质水平和焦虑抑郁水平高于短睡眠者,而内外向人格差异未达到统计学差异。结论慢波睡眠可能是睡眠的核心成分,Ⅱ期睡眠可能是可选择成分;长睡眠者对快动眼睡眠和快动眼密度需求较高,长睡眠者的高神经质水平和焦虑抑郁水平在睡眠特征中也有所反映。Objective To investigate and compare sleep structure and psychological characteristics between short sleeper and long sleeper. Methods Amongst 600 medical college students, 30 shortest sleepers and 30 longest sleepers were recruited as short sleeper and long sleeper to attend further sleep and psychological assessment. Sleep assessment included one night polysomuography and multiple sleep latency test in the following daytime, and psychological assessment included Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Spielberger State/Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Results Short sleeper and long sleeper shared identical Slow.Wave Sleep(SWS) (short sleeper :79.1 ± 17.7 minutes vs long sleeper:82.2 ± 15.9 minutes, t = 0.277, P = 0.191 ), while the Rapid Eye Movement (REM) density ( short sleeper: 18.9 ± 6.4 vs long sleeper : 30.1 ± 11.2, t = 13. 312, P = 0. 000) and the length of stage Ⅱ ( short sleeper: 191.6 ± 43.0 minutes vs long sleeper:240.6 ± 74.9 minutes sleeper, t = 23. 587, P = 0. 000) and REM sleep in long sleeper were longer than that in short sleeper. On the other hand, the level of neurotics,anxiety, depression,and introversion in long sleeper was higher than that in short sleeper, but the difference of introversion did not reach the statistical significance. Conclusion SWS might be the core sleep portion, while stage Ⅱ sleep might be the optional sleep portion. The long sleeper needed more REM sleep and REM density, which might be due to their unique characteristics. The high level of neurotics, anxiety and depression in long sleeper had influenced their sleep characteristics.

作者:张斌郝彦利黄文燕王富强ZHANG Bin, HAO Yan-li, HUANG Wen-yan,et al.( Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Institute of Mental Health, Guangzhou 510120, China)

机构地区:广东省人民医院广州医学院解剖教研室

出处:《中国行为医学科学》CSCD2008年第12期1118-1120,共3页Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medical Science

基金广东省自然科学基金(06300309)

关键词:短睡眠者长睡眠者睡眠结构心理特征Short sleeper Long sleeper Sleep structure Psychological characteristics

分类号:R338.63[医药卫生—人体生理学][医药卫生—基础医学]R766.43[医药卫生—耳鼻咽喉科][医药卫生—临床医学]

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