移动学习《教育学原理》课程学习应用策略
2020年1月7日
政策法规视角下学前教育的界定及其现实意义
2020年1月7日

摘要:大力推进普惠性学前教育公共服务体系建设是我国重要的教育战略工程。近年,围绕“保基本、广覆盖、有质量”的根本任务,我们取得了一些突破性进展与成绩,但“入园难、入园贵”的现象还未得到根本解决。借助ROST-CM6.0数据挖掘系统软件的分析,我们发现学前教育公共服务体系建设存在六大突出问题:一是“入园难、入园贵”问题未得到根本解决;二是个别地方政府对学前教育政策存在误读现象;三是学前教育的均衡发展依然面临严峻挑战;四是各级政府的学前教育行政治理能力需进一步提升,部门间协同机制需尽快建立;五是对普惠性学前教育公共服务体系建设中的难点、痛点,以及亟待解决的问题,缺乏积极有效的应对策略;六是随着一些表层、局部问题的逐渐解决,全局性、根本性的问题显现,需要我们进行系统设计,特别是推进体制机制的改革。要全面建成普惠性学前教育公共服务体系,我们就必须要坚定地走与中国社会主义初级阶段国情相符合的特色发展之路:一是立足国情,抓主要矛盾,非常时期,行非常之法;二是建立合理的成本分担机制,进一步减轻家庭负担;三是丰富学前教育资源,促进儿童入园机会均等;四是坚持“适度普惠”的基本原则,通过阶梯路径,分层次、有重点推进普惠性学前教育公共服务体系建设。It is an important national educational strategic project to vigorously and continuously promote the construction of the public service system of generally beneficial preschool education until it is completed. In recent years, China has accumulated some useful experience and foundation and made outstanding achievements around the main task of “ensuring basic, wide coverage and basic quality”. But at the same time, we should also clearly see that the construction of generally beneficial preschool education public service system is still not perfect. The phenomenon of “difficult and expensive access to kindergartens” has not been fundamentally solved. Using ROST data mining system, we find that there are six prominent problems in the construction of generally beneficial preschool education public service system. Firstly, the problem of “difficult and expensive access to kindergartens” which is related to people’s livelihood has not been fundamentally solved. Secondly, the fundamental position and value standpoint of the development of preschool education in China have not been fully established. Thirdly, the balanced development of preschool education is still facing serious challenges, and the gap between urban and rural areas is still significant. Fourthly, the central and local preschool education administrative capacity needs to be improved, and the inter-departmental cooperation mechanism needs to be explored urgently. Fifthly, there is still a lack of effective strategies and paths to solve the difficulties and urgent problems in the construction of generally beneficial public service system of preschool education. Sixthly, with the gradual deepening of the reform and development, some small, superficial and local problems have been gradually solved, and the overall, fundamental and deep problems have been further revealed, requiring deep reform, especially in the system and mechanism. In order to reform and improve the public service system of generally beneficial preschool education, we must f

作者:姜勇庞丽娟JIANG Yong;PANG Lijuan(Faculty of Education,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China;Faculty of Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)

机构地区:华东师范大学教育学部北京师范大学教育学部

出处:《湖南师范大学教育科学学报》CSSCI北大核心2019年第4期51-58,共8页Journal of Educational Science of Hunan Normal University

基金2018年度国家社会科学基金重大项目课题“我国普惠性学前教育公共服务体系建设的路径和机制研究”[18ZDA336].

关键词:普惠性学前教育公共服务体系ROST数据挖掘系统成本分担机制学前教育体制机制改革generally beneficialpreschool educationpublic service systemROST CM 6.0 Softwarecost-sharing mechanismthe reform of preschool education system and mechanism

分类号:G610[文化科学—学前教育学][文化科学—教育学]

作者:简介姜勇,华东师范大学教育学部教授,博士生导师;庞丽娟,北京师范大学教育学部教授,博士生导师。

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