摘要：近年来,我国学前教育迅速发展,但地区和城乡差距大,农村尤其是西部贫困农村入园难的问题仍未解决。党中央和国务院高度重视西部学前教育发展,出台了多项重要政策。随着"学前教育三年行动计划"的制定和落实,一些西部省份也探索出台了适合省情的地方政策。同时,许多社会组织在农村学前教育的发展方面也做出了大量有益的探索。以上都有效促进了学前教育的普及和质量提升。本报告综述了西部学前教育的现状和问题,通过梳理近年来中央和西部部分省份的政策和措施,以及一些社会组织的项目方案,提出政策建议。报告包括五部分内容:一是西部地区发展学前教育的重要意义;二是西部地区学前教育发展成就以及问题与挑战;三是中央及地方学前教育政策措施的制定与实施;四是国际经验和我国西部农村学前教育的若干项目方案;五是对西部地区学前教育发展提出政策建议。In recent years, preschool education in China has made remarkable progress. However, the gaps among different regions are still wide, and many children still lack access to preschools in the rural areas of western China. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attached great importance to preschool education and develops several important guidelines and measures. During the implementation of Preschool Education Three-Year Action Plan, the provincial authorities in western China have explored and enacted local policies based on the local situation. At the same time, many social organizations also made a lot of useful explorations in rural preschool education development. All the measures have effectively promoted the popularization and quality of preschool education.This report summarizes the current situation and the challenges of preschool education in western China.By sorting out the policies and measures of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, local authorities, and some social organizations as well, this report proposes policy recommendations. This report consists of five parts:(1) the significance of the development of preschool education in western China;(2) the achievements and challenges of preschool education development in western China;(3) the formulation and implementation of preschool education policies and measures;(4) international experience and several projects for preschool education in the rural areas of western China;(5) the policy recommendations for the development of preschool education in western China.
作者：无卢迈方晋杜智鑫曹艳武志平周想梁博姣段天雪China Development Research Foundation(China Development Research Foundation,Beijing 100010,China)
出处：《华东师范大学学报:教育科学版》CSSCI北大核心2020年第1期97-126,共30页Journal of East China Normal University:Educational Sciences
关键词：中国西部地区学前教育政策社会组织western Chinapreschool educationpolicysocial organizations