摘要：专业认知是专业认同的重要组成部分,影响着学生的专业行为和专业情感,而新生的专业认知对其在校期间的专业学习和就业等各方面均会产生重要影响。本研究选取济源职业技术学院2017-2019年入学的新生为研究对象,采用自编调查问卷,从专业理念与师德、专业知识、专业技能、专业素养、专业情感和专业期待6个方面对新生专业认知现状进行调查。研究发现:招生政策的改变,加大了高职学前教育专业新生“高知识、低技能、高情感、低素养”的专业认知偏差;高职学前教育专业新生志愿填报和专业选择动机缺乏自主性,对其专业认知有重要影响;已有经验和实习经历能够有利促进新生专业认知,高职院校应重视学生的专业实践;生源类型对高职学前教育专业新生专业认知有重要影响,高职院校应针对不同类型学生开展有针对性的专业教育。As an important part of professional identity,professional cognition affects students'professional behaviors and emotions,while the professional cognition of freshmen is especially important because it will have an impact on their professional learning and employment during their college time.This study selected the freshmen in 2017-2019 of Jiyuan Vocational and Technical College as the research object,surveyed and analyzed their current situation of professional cognition from six aspects:professional concept,teacher's ethics,professional knowledge,professional skills,professional quality,professional emotion and professional prospects.Based on these researches,the study analyzed its in fluencing factors and got following conclusions:(1)Along with the enrollment requirement changes,the cognitive bias of freshmen has increased,whichis"higher professional knowledge,lower professional skills,higher professional emotion and lower professional ability".(2)Based on its easy employed on employment market of preschool education,some freshmen of preschool education major in vocational colleges choose this major,which have less motivation selection of major in the College Entrance Examination and affect their correct cognition of preschool education major.(3)The previousinternship experience can help to promote freshmen’s professional cognition,and vocational colleges should pay more attention to students'professional practice.(4)The types of enrollment have an important influence on the professional cognition of preschool educationfreshmen in higher vocational colleges,and vocational colleges should carry out specific professional education for different types of students.
作者：杨金焕YANG Jin-huan(Department of Education and Art,Jiyuan Vocational and Technical College,Jiyuan 459000,China)
出处：《陕西学前师范学院学报》2020年第2期110-116,共7页Journal of Shaanxi Xueqian Normal University
关键词：高职院校学前教育新生专业认知影响因素vocational collegepreschool educationfreshmanprofessional cognitioninfluencing factor