高等教育公平的内涵特征及其政策保障
2019年12月20日
SWOT视野下的中国教育学科发展
2019年12月21日

摘要:基于我国2002-2014年的省级面板数据,借鉴并改造教育生产函数,采用空间计量经济学的研究方法,实证检验我国政府与市场的高等教育资源配置效率。结果发现:政府与市场的高等教育投入均能提高高等教育的产出效率,但市场的配置效率因高于政府而成为更富效率的一方;政府投入与市场投入在地理空间上具有较强的自相关性,空间杜宾模型验证了政府与市场投入的空间溢出机制,但直接溢出与间接溢出效应的作用机制截然相反。因此,为了进一步平衡政府与市场的关系,提高高等教育资源配置效率,可从三方面入手:一是在总量投入方面,要推进财政性与事业性高等教育经费投入的稳步增长,充分发挥政府与市场对资源配置效率提升的互补效应;二是根据市场投入在静态与空间效率评价中的优异表现,适时放弃当前高等教育发展中"存量决定增量"的投入模式,将增量部分的投入"外包"给市场,鼓励、引导和规范市场一方的私人高等教育投入,以政府宏观投入为龙头,以市场投入为着力点,全面激活高等教育资源的配置效率;三是在政府与市场的关系方面,中央-省级-地方三级政府可适当弱化自身"守夜人"的身份角色,适度放宽经济发达地区民营资本进入高等教育领域的限制,激发民营资本的投资意愿,同时在政策层面上进行方向性引导,扮演好服务者与监督者的角色。Based on the provincial panel data of China from 2002 to 2014,using the educational production function for reference and reforming,the method of spatial econometrics was used to empirically test the allocation efficiency of higher education resources in China’s government and market.The results show that both the government and market investment in higher education can improve the output efficiency,but the allocation efficiency of the market is higher than that of the government. The government investment and market investment have strong geospatial autocorrelation. The spatial Durbin model validates the spatial spillover mechanism of the government and market investment,but the mechanism of direct spillover and indirect spillover is opposite. Therefore,in order to further balance the relationship between the government and market and to improve the allocation efficiency of higher education resources,three aspects can be carried out. Firstly,in terms of total investment,the steady growth of financial and institutional higher education funds should be promoted,giving full play to the complementary effect of government and market on the allocation efficiency. Secondly,according to the excellent performance of market investment in static and spatial efficiency evaluation,timely abandon the investment mode of "stock deciding increment"in the development of higher education,outsource the incremental part to the market,encourage,guide and standardize the private higher education investment on the market side,and take government macro-investment as the leading factor;guided by the direction and focusing on market input,the allocation efficiency of higher education resources should be fully activated. Thirdly,in terms of the relationship between the government and the market,the central-provincial-local governments can weaken their own "night watchman"investment model,relax the restrictions on the private capital entering higher education in the economically developed or southeastern coastal areas,and stimulate the in

作者:方超黄斌FANG Chao;HUANG Bin(College of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China)

机构地区:南京财经大学公共管理学院

出处:《重庆高教研究》CSSCI2019年第5期91-103,共13页Chongqing Higher Education Research

基金国家社会科学基金教育学一般课题“2000年后我国义务教育财政制度改革效果评价研究”(BFA140039)南京财经大学高等教育研究及改革发展专项课题“转型改革时期我国教育-投资收益的成效评价研究”(GJ201832).

关键词:高等教育教育财政资源配置空间溢出效应高等教育经费投入higher educationeducation financeresource allocationspatial spillover effectsinvestment in higher education funds

分类号:G640[文化科学—高等教育学][文化科学—教育学]F812.45

作者:简介方超,男,江苏南京人,南京财经大学公共管理学院讲师,管理学博士,主要从事教育经济学、劳动经济学和制度经济学研究;黄斌,男,福建闽清人,南京财经大学公共管理学院院长,北京大学中国教育财政科学研究所客座研究员,教授,博士,主要从事教育经济与财政研究。

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